Under self assessment an individual is responsible for ensuring that their tax liability is calculated and any tax owing is paid on time. We summarise the tax payment rules and penalties for failing to pay on time. At Finnies, we can prepare your tax return on your behalf and advise you on payments that may need to be made to HMRC.
The UK income tax system requires the payer of key sources of income to deduct tax at source which removes the need for many taxpayers to submit a tax return or make additional payments. This applies in particular to employment and savings income. However this is not possible for the self employed or if someone with investment income is a higher rate taxpayer. As a result we have a payment regime in which the payments will usually be made in instalments.
The instalments consist of two payments on account of equal amounts:
These are set by reference to the previous year's net income tax liability (and Class 4 NIC if any).
A final payment (or repayment) is due on 31 January following the tax year.
In calculating the level of instalments any tax attributable to capital gains is ignored. All capital gains tax is paid as part of the final payment due on 31 January following the end of the tax year.
A statement of account similar to a credit card statement is sent to the taxpayer periodically which summarises the payments required and the payments made.
Sally's income tax liability for 2016/17 (after tax deducted at source) is £8,000. Her liability for the following year is £10,500. Payments for 2017/18 will be:
There will also be a payment on 31 January 2019 of £5,250, the first instalment of the 2018/19 tax year (50% of the 2017/18 liability).
Using the late payment penalties HMRC may charge the following penalties if tax is paid late:
These penalties are additional to the interest that is charged on all outstanding amounts, including unpaid penalties, until payment is received.
Where there is only a modest amount of income tax due, after tax deducted at source has been accounted for, then the two payments on account will be set at nil. This applies if either:
If it is anticipated that the current year's tax liability will be lower than the previous year's, a claim can be made to reduce the payments on account. We can advise you whether a claim should be made and to what amount.
We can prepare your tax return for personal tax self assessment on your behalf and advise on the appropriate payments on account to make.
Please do contact us at Finnies for help.
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