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Land and Building Transaction Tax (LBTT) is payable by the purchaser in a land transaction which occurs in Scotland. At Finnies, we can provide LBTT advice.
LBTT is payable by the purchaser in a land transaction occurring in Scotland. Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) applies to land transactions in England and Northern Ireland and Land Transaction Tax (LTT) applies in Wales. Please see the separate factsheets for information on SDLT and LTT.
A transaction will trigger liability if it involves the acquisition of an interest in land. This will include a simple conveyance of land such as buying a house, creating a lease or assigning a lease.
The tax has to be paid when a contract has been substantially performed. In cases where the purchaser takes possession of the property on completion, that will be the date. However, if the purchaser effectively takes possession before completion - known as ‘resting on contract’ - that will be regarded as triggering the tax.
The Scottish government temporarily raised the threshold at which LBTT is paid from £145,000 to £250,000 between 15 July until 31 March 2021. The rates which apply from 1 April 2021 are set out in the following table:
The rates apply to the portion of the total value which falls within each band.
A LBTT relief applies for first-time buyers of properties up to £175,000. The relief raises the zero tax threshold for first-time buyers from £145,000 to £175,000, and, according to the Scottish government, 80% of first-time buyers in Scotland will pay no LBTT at all. First-time buyers purchasing a property above £175,000 also benefit from the relief on the portion of the price below the threshold. So all first-time buyers will benefit from a relief of up to £600.
Higher rates of LBTT are charged on purchases of additional residential properties (above £40,000), such as buy to let properties and second homes.
The main target of the higher rates is purchases of buy to let properties or second homes. However, there will be some purchasers who will have to pay the additional charge even though the property purchased will not be a buy to let or a second home. The 18 month rules set out below will help to remove some transactions from the additional rates (or allow a refund). Care will be needed if an individual already owns, or partly owns, a property and transacts to purchase another property without having disposed of the first property.
The higher rates are 4% above those shown in the table above. The higher rates potentially apply if, at the end of the day of the purchase transaction, the individual owns two or more residential properties.
Some further detail:
Different bands and rates apply prior to 25 January 2019.
The Scottish government has LBTT calculators which work out the amount of LBTT payable. The calculators can be found at www.revenue.scot/land-buildings-transaction-tax/tax-calculators.
Please do contact us at Finnies for guidance on LBTT.
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